ASSESSMENT OF NUTRITIONAL STATE OF ALCOHOL AND MEDICINES INTOXICATED PATIENTS. THE MINI NUTRITIONAL ASSESSMENT VERSUS ANTHROPOMETRY.
 
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Pol. J. Food Nutr. Sci. 2001;51(2):75–80
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ABSTRACT
As metabolic and multiorgan distempers arising from alcohol and medicines abuse predispose to nutritional state disorders, a simple method of nutriture assessment of hospitalized intoxicated patients is searched in order to help to improve the treatment effects. One hundred and thirteen patients hospitalized in the Department of Clinical Toxicology including 65 chronic alcoholics and 48 intoxicated with medicines were examined for the nutritional state. The Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) method was applied parallely with anthropometry; the examination was performed twice: on admittance and on discharge of each patient. On the basis of anthropometry, the nutritional state of alcohol and medicines intoxicated patients was unsatisfactory in 76% of examined group, with the cases of malnutrition and risk of malnutrition obviously more prevalent than overnutrition, especially in the cases of alcohol abusers. Proportions ofthe subjects qualified to specific groups of nutriture were dependent on the method used for nutritional assessment, and the MNA method tended to overestimate the nutritional state when compared with anthropometry but did not regard the cases of overnutrition. The MNA has to be completed with selected anthropometric measures in order to be useful in nutriture assessment of young adults.
ISSN:1230-0322