Search for Author, Title, Keyword
Content of TDF, SDF and IDF in Cereals Grown by Organic and Conventional Farming – a Short Report
More details
Hide details
Publication date: 2017-09-30
Pol. J. Food Nutr. Sci. 2017;67(3):241–244
The objectives of this article were to determine the content of total dietary fibre (TDF) as well as of its fractions - soluble dietary fibre (SDF) and insoluble dietary fibre (IDF) of different cereals grown by conventional and organic farming in Macedonia, as well as to find out the influence of the cereal type and farming method on their values. Standardized enzymatic-gravimetric method (Megazyme Total Dietary Fiber Kit) was used for determination of soluble, insoluble, and total dietary fiber in 27 different cereal samples of wheat, rye, barley, oat, and millet, which were grown at three locations. The content of TDF, IDF and SDF was influenced by both cereal type and farming type. The organically grown cereals, primarily oat and barley, have shown higher values of TDF and of its fractions than the conventionally grown cereals. Their values (% db) for oat and barley for TDF were 42.00±1.39 and 21.91±2.01, for IDF 39.22±0.58 and 15.06±1.84 and for SDF 2.78±1.25 and 6.85±3.85, respectively. Barley grown by either organic or in conversion farming method proved to have the highest value of SDF content among the other cereals investigated, whereas oat produced by organic farming method exhibited the highest values of TDF and ISF content. The organic farming method proved to have a good perspective in cereal processing and technology, food market and nutrition.
AACC International Methods 32-05.01, 32-07.01, 32-28.01, 32-31.01, 32-32.01, 32-33.01, 32-40.01, 32-41.01, and 32-45.01. AACC International Approved Methods of Analysis, 11th Ed., 2009, AACC International PRESS, St. Paul, MN, U.S.A.
AOAC International Official Methods 985.29, 991.42, 991.43, 999.03, 993.19, 997.08, 999.03, 2000.11, 2001.02, 2001.03, 2002.02, and 2009.01. Official Methods of Analysis of AOAC International, 18th Ed., 2005, Horwitz, W., ed. AOAC International, Gaithersberg, MD, U.S.A.
Babio N., Balanza R., Basulto J., Bulló M., Salas-Salvadó J., Dietary fibre: influence on body weight, glycemic control and plasma cholesterol profile. Nutr Hosp., 2010, 25, 327-40.
Cho I., Blaser M.J., The human microbiome: at the interface of health and disease. Nat. Rev. Genet., 2012, 13, 260-270.
Council Regulation (EC) No. 834/2007 of 28 June 2007 on organic production and labeling of organic products and repealing Regulation (EEC) No. 2092/91. [ frame/index_en.htm].
Devinder D., Mona M., Hradesh R., Patil R.T., Dietary fibre in foods: a review. J. Food Sci. Technol., 2012, 49, 255-266.
Devries J.W., Dietary fiber: the influence of definition on analysis and regulation. J. AOAC Int., 2004, 87, 682-706.
EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA). Scientific opinion on dietary reference values for carbohydrates and dietary fibre. EFSA Journal, 2010, 8, 1462-1477.
Hemery Y., Rouan X., Lullien-Pellerin V., Barron C., Abecassis J., Dry process to develop wheat fractions and products with enhanced nutritional quality. J. Cereal Sci., 2007, 46, 327-347.
FAO/WHO Food Standards Programme, Secretariat of the CODEX Alimentarius Commission: CODEX Alimentarius (CODEX) Guidelines on Nutrition Labeling CAC/GL 2-1985 as Last Amended 2010. Rome: FAO, 2010.
Jones J.M., Dietary fiber future directions: integrating new definitions and findings to inform nutrition research and communication. Adv. Nutr., 2013, 4, 8-15.
Kristensen M., Jensen M.G., Dietary fibres in the regulation of appetite and food intake. Importance of viscosity. Appetite, 2011, 56, 65-70.
Kowieska A., Lubowicki R., Jaskowska I., Chemical composition and nutritional characteristics of several cereal grain. Acta Sci. Pol., Zootechnica 2011, 10, 37–50.
Law of organic agricultural production, Official paper of RM No.146/2009. Available from: [] (in Macedonian).
Lee S.C., Prosky L., DeVries J.W., Determination of total, soluble and insoluble dietary fiber in food-enzymatic-gravimetric method MES-TRIS buffer: Collaborative Study. J. Anal. Chem., 1992, 75, 395-416.
Macedonian Soil Information System, 2015. [] (in Macedonian).
McCleary B.V., Sloane N., Draga A., Lazarewska I., Measurement of total dietary fiber using AOAC method 2009.01 (AACC International Approved Method 32-45.01): Evaluation and updates. Cereal Chem., 2013, 90, 396-414.
Menkovska M., Levkov V., Gjorgovska N., Nikolova N., Pacinovski N., Stanoev V., Nikolovski M., Quality properties of cereal crop in relation with organic versus conventional farming. MJAS, 2014, 4, 23-26.
Morgan, K., Murdoch, J., Organic vs. conventional agriculture: knowledge, power and innovation in the food chain. Geoforum, 2000, 31, 159-173.
Nyman M., Siljeström M., Pedersen B., Bach Knudsen K.E., Asp N.G, Johannsons C.G.. Eggum B.O., Dietary fiber content and composition in six cereals at different extraction rates. Cereal Chem., 1984, 61, 14-19.
Prosky L., Asp N.G., Schweizer T.F., DeVries J.W., Furda I., Determination of insoluble and soluble dietary fiber in foods and food products: Collaborative study. J. AOAC, 1992, 75, 360-367.
Ragaee S., Abdel-Aal E.M., Noaman M., Antioxidant activity and nutrient composition of selected cereals for food use. Food Chem., 2006, 98, 32-38.
Salomonsson A.C., Theander O., Aman P., Composition of normal and high-lysine barley. Swedish J. Agric. Res., 1980, 10, 11-16.
Saulnier L., Sado P.E., Branlard G., Charmet G., Guillan F., Wheat arabinoxylans: Exploiting variation in amount and composition to develop enhanced varieties. J. Cereal Sci., 2007, 46, 261-281.
Spasova D., Menkovska M., Comparative analysis of oat quality grown in organic and conventional conditions. 2009, in: Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry, Book 2, Institute for Animal Husbandry, Belgrade-Zemun, Serbia, pp.1163–1170.
USDA Agricultural Marketing Service. Fact Sheet: National Organic Production and Handling Standards.. Accessed online April 2008.
Vernay M., Aïdara M., Salanave B., Deschamps V., Malon A., Oleko A., Mallion, J.M., Hercberg S., Castetbon K., Diet and blood pressure in 18-74-year-old adults: the French Nutrition and Health Survey (ENNS, 2006–2007). J. Hypertens., 2012, 30, 1920-1927.
Catcher of the Rye: Detection of Rye, a Gluten-Containing Grain, by LC–MS/MS
Daniel Pasquali, Malcolm Blundell, Crispin Howitt, Michelle Colgrave
Journal of Proteome Research
Nutritional and functional properties of cookies made using down‐graded lentil – A candidate for novel food production and crop utilization
Drew Portman, Pankaj Maharjan, Linda McDonald, Slavica Laskovska, Cassandra Walker, Heidi Irvin, Chris Blanchard, Mani Naiker, Joe Panozzo
Cereal Chemistry
Characterization and Prebiotic Potential of Longan Juice Obtained by Enzymatic Conversion of Constituent Sucrose into Fructo-Oligosaccharides
Yongxia Cheng, Haibo Lan, Lei Zhao, Kai Wang, Zhuoyan Hu
Approaches in cereal breeding
Desimir Knežević, Artiona Laze, Aleksandar Paunović, Vesna Đurović, Nevena Đukić, Danijela Valjarević, Danijela Kondić, Danica Mićanović, Jelica Živić, Veselinka Zečević
Acta agriculturae Serbica