ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Efficacy of an Aromatic Vinegar in Reducing Psychrotrophic Bacteria and Biogenic Amines in Salmon Fillets (Salmo salar) Stored in Modified Atmosphere Packaging
Jessica Di Toro 1  
,  
Raffaella Branciari 1  
,  
Rossana Roila 1  
,  
Serena Altissimi 2  
,  
Haiyang Jiang 3  
,  
Kang Zhou 3  
,  
Simona Perucci 4  
,  
Michela Codini 5  
,  
 
 
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1
Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Perugia, Via San Constanzo 4, 06123 Perugia, Italy
2
Laboratorio Bromatologia, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale dell’Umbria e delle Marche “Togo Rosati”, Via G. Salvemini, 1, 06126 Perugia, Italy
3
College of Food Science, Sichuan Agricultural University, 46 Xinkang Rd, Ya’an, Sichuan, China
4
Freelance researcher, Italy
5
Department of Pharmaceutical Science, University of Perugia, Via San Costanzo 4, 06123 Perugia, Italy
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Raffaella Branciari   

Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Perugia, Italy
Online publish date: 2019-10-28
Publish date: 2019-11-18
Submission date: 2019-06-27
Final revision date: 2019-09-18
Acceptance date: 2019-09-27
 
Pol. J. Food Nutr. Sci. 2019;69(4):397–405
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Salmon flesh spoilage can be greatly reduced through the use of preservation methods, using natural products combined with low temperature and packaging. Microbiological and physicochemical characteristics of fresh salmon fillets (Salmo salar), sprayed with an aromatic vinegar and stored in modified atmosphere packaging, were investigated. Fillets were kept at 4°C and sampled after 2 h and 3, 7 and 10 days. An untreated control group was used as well. Fish samples were analysed for microbiological (total viable count, Enterobacteriaceae, psychrotrophic microbial count, Pseudomonas spp.) and physicochemical (pH, colour, total volatile basic nitrogen, and biogenic amines) properties. Aromatic vinegar was found to beneficially contribute to the hygienic quality of the salmon, reducing microbial growth during storage and exerting a positive effect, mainly on psychrotrophic loads and Pseudomonas spp. The treatment had a positive effect on biogenic amine levels, showing lower values for histamine, putrescine, cadaverine, and tyramine.
 
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