Influence of Smoking on Indicatory Congeners Residues Levels in Fish Slices
 
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Publish date: 2012-03-31
 
Pol. J. Food Nutr. Sci. 2012;62(1):31–39
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ABSTRACT
The aim of this study was do determine changes in concentrations of indicatory PCB congeners (IUPAC numbers: 28, 52, 101, 118, 153, 138, 180) during industrial hot smoking of mackerel (Scomber scombrus L.) and herring (Clupea harengus L.) slices and cold smoking of mackerel slices. PCB content in raw mackerel slices averaged from 1.32±0.29 ng/g wet w. for PCB 52 to 4.66±0.72 ng/g wet w. for PCB 153. In herring slices, PCB content ranged from 1.36±0.25 ng/g wet w. for PCB 28 to 16.50±1.94 ng/g wet w. for PCB 153. During hot smoking, losses of the examined compounds were observed – in herring slices by 15% (PCB 153) to 32% (PCB 52), while in mackerel slices by 3.7% (PCB 80) to 38% (PCB 28). Simultaneously, a slight increase in the content of PCB 180, PCB 118, PCB 153, PCB 138 and PCB 101 occurred during the proper smoking, between 1.5th and 2.5th hour of the smoking process. During cold smoking (26oC, 8 h), PCB concentrations increased significantly (p
ISSN:1230-0322