Nutritional Composition of Five Varieties of Pap Commonly Consumed in Maroua (Far- North, Cameroon)
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Publication date: 2015-09-30
Pol. J. Food Nutr. Sci. 2015;65(3):183–190
The aim of this study was to determine to nutritional composition of five varieties of pap (cereal product) commonly consumed in Maroua, city of the Far North Region of Cameroon. The proximate composition (moisture, ash, protein, lipid, and crude fibre) was determined by standard AOAC methods. Minerals (calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium, iron, zinc, copper and manganese) were determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometry and Phosphorus was determined colorimetrically. Amino acid composition was determined by ion- exchange chromatography. All the pap had very high carbohydrate content (79.47-85.29 g/100 g dry matter). Appreciable levels of phosphorus and potassium were recorded in all the pap (141.80-231.10 mg/100 g dry matter and 198.20-322.22 mg/100 g dry matter) respectively. Consumption of each pap (100 g) by children of 1-2 years old would meet 11.70-17.46% and 0.08-19.51% of their daily recommended intake respectively for protein and for minerals. Leucine and glumatic acid were the most abundantly essential amino acid and non- essential amino acid respectively in the pap. Essential amino acid in most of the pap samples met the recommended children requirement of the FAO/WHO/UNU for children of 1-2 years old except methionine+cysteine and lysine.