ANTIOXIDATIVE EFFECT OF PLANT EXTRACTS AND FLAVONES ON LIPOSOME AND ERYTHOCYTE MEMBRANES
 
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Pol. J. Food Nutr. Sci. 2007;57(Special issue 4A):145–150
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ABSTRACT
The paper describes the use of liposomes and erythrocytes membrane as a real membrane models to evaluate the potential benefits of several plants extracts and two flavones in relation to lipid peroxidation. The antioxidant behaviour of the plant extracts from pine (Pinus silvestris L), hawthorn (Crataegus oxyacantha L, two extracts: from hawthorn’s leaves-l and bark-b), evening primrose (Oenothena paradoxa Hudziok - three extracts differ in procyanidins content P1, P2 and P3) and rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis, as a standard for extracts) and flavones of baicalin and rutin have been studied. The results obtained showed that the studied extracts exhibited differentiated, dose-dependent antioxidant activity against phospatidylcholine liposomes (rosemary>pine≈hawthorn-l>hawthorn-b≈P1≈P2≈P3; statistically significant differences were observed between the extracts at p≤0.05) and erythrocyte membranes (rosemary≥hawthorn-b≈hawthorn-l>P1≈pine>P2≈P3) when the oxidation was induced by UV-C radiation. They also reduce the oxidation of liposomes and erythrocyte membrane when its oxidation was induced by 2,2’-azobis(2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride (pine≥P1≈P2≈rosemary≈P3 in the case of liposomes and rosemary>> pine≥P1≈P2≥P3 in a case of erythrocyte). Moreover, the results of the study show that baicalin is characterised by high inhibition ability towards liposome PC peroxidation, as well as towards erythrocyte ghosts, when oxidation was initiated by UV radiation. However, at the same experimental conditions, the inhibitory capacity of rutin was about 7-8 times weaker. The presence of cholesterol in liposome membrane decreased the level of membrane peroxidation but do not influenced on the antioxidant activity of hawthorn extract.
ISSN:1230-0322