COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF CONSUMPTION PATTERN IN GROUPS OF DISABLED AND HEALTHY SCHOOL CHHILDREN.
 
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Pol. J. Food Nutr. Sci. 2003;53(2):73–81
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ABSTRACT
The study included 142 pupils [(106 healthy (H) and 36 disabled (DS)] attending to integrated classes in the primary schools in Cracow. The qualitative and quantitative analysis of nutrition data included: general evaluation of daily nutrition ration (DNR), the number and complexity of dishes consumed every day and the composition and nutritional value of the DNR. Mean intake of basic macro-nutrients and their share as energy sources was also calculated. In the analysis of the consumption pattern, different groups of examined children were taken into account, according to the sex, age and ability (disabled and healthy). The obtained results are not satisfactory and indicate faults and anomalies in the food consumption of the studied children. In the children belonging to both abilities group, only 37% of DNR were fully satisfactory and the types of products and nutrients in separate dishes were similar. The DNR of the studied children did not fulfill the recommended daily intake for vitamins (B2, PP, E), and minerals (Ca, Fe, Zn, Mg). The energy contributed by lipids, fats, and carbohydrates was correct in boys and girls H group, while in the DS group they deviated in a smaller or greater degree from the recommended values. Anomalies observed in the DS. groups concerned too high amount of energy contributed by fats (girls - 35%, boys - 32%), and a rather small percentage of energy contributed by carbohydrates (girls - 52%). This group also often experienced disturbances of weight-height proportions (13.9%), indicating overweight and obesity, what with low coefficient of physical activity (1.5) and high value of fat E% may indicate problems with managing proper body mass. Energy percentage (E%) contributed by proteins was consistent with recommendations and proved to be the same for both DS sexes (13%).
ISSN:1230-0322