EFFECTS OF HEALTH-PROMOTING NUTRITIONAL EDUCATION AND CHANGE IN DIETARY HABITS ON VISCERAL FATTY TISSUE CONTENTS AND ON CONCENTRATIONS OF INSULIN AND CORTISOL IN MENOPAUSAL WOMEN.
 
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Pol. J. Food Nutr. Sci. 2005;55(1):91–96
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ABSTRACT
The experiment was aimed at determining effects of health-promoting nutritional education and changes in dietary habits of menopausal women on their visceral fatty tissue contents and concentrations of insulin and cortisol. A four-month-long period of nutritional education resulted in a reduction of dietary energy content, total protein consumption (including uptake of animal proteins), total fat (including saturated fats), cholesterol, and sucrose. On the other hand, an increase was recorded in the consumption of plant protein, starch, dietary fibre, vitamin B6, PP and beta-carotene as well as mineral components (Ca, Mg, and Zn). Those changes were accompanied by a slow, but steady, reduction of body weight (by 7.85±1.81 kg throughout the period of study, i.e. 0.49±0.11 kg per week) caused by the loss of both subcutaneous (0.38±0.15 cm, abdominal region, as measured at the L4 vertebra level) and visceral (1.0±0.56 cm, as measured at the L4 vertebra level) fatty tissue. The changes were accompanied by a reduction in BMI (from 33.2±4.4 to 29.9±4.3) and WHR (from 0.87±0.09 to 0.84±0.07). The 4-month-long period of changed nutrition was found to significantly reduce blood concentrations of glucose (from 104.8±27.3 to 82.7±8.6 md/dL), insulin (from 180.1±51.1 to 123.4±58.2 pmol/L), and cortisol (from 548.2±186.3 to 368.1±87.3 nmol/L); the women affected by hepatic steatosis exhibited arrested fatty infiltrations, as evidenced by increased liver electron density (from 33.7±6.7 to 47.3±4.7 H.u.).
ISSN:1230-0322