CONTENT OF MALONDIALDEHYDE (MDA) IN INFANT FORMULAE AND FOLLOW-ON FORMULAE
 
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Pol. J. Food Nutr. Sci. 2006;56(3):323–328
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ABSTRACT:
The content of malondialdehyde (MDA), considered as a product of oxidation of lipids harmful to health in commercial infant formulae (IF) and follow-on formulae (FF) (N=13), human milk (N=7), cow’s milk (N=7), soybean oil and rapeseed oil was studied. The MDA content was confirmed to be high, ranging from 40.50±13.77 to 89.60±15.26 μg/100 mL infant milk formulae, compared to 19.35±5.14 μg/100 mL in human milk on average. Such a great difference between MDA contents of commercially available formulae and human milk is accounted for imperfection of different technologies of manufacturing IF and FF. The major quantity of MDA is formed during the production, packing in the air and storage of IF and FF. It is suggested that the content of MDA should be labeled. The authors’ suggestion is that the maximum allowable tolerance of MDA should not exceed 48.0 μg MDA/ 100 mL liquid IF and FF.