Investigations of Volatile Organic Compounds in Berries of Different Actinidia kolomikta (Rupr. & Maxim.) Maxim. Accessions
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Vytautas Magnus University, Botanical Garden, Z.E. Zilibero str. 2, LT-46324, Kaunas, Lithuania
Vytautas Magnus University, Instrumental Analysis Open Access Centre, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Vileikos str. 8, LT-44404, Kaunas, Lithuania
Vilnius University, Institute of Mathematics and Informatics, Software Engineering Department, Akademijos str. 4, Vilnius, LT-08663, Lithuania
University of Warsaw, Botanic Garden, Faculty of Biology, Aleje Ujazdowskie 4, 00-478 Warsaw, Poland
Ataturk University, Agricultural Faculty, Department of Horticulture, 25240, Erzurum, Turkey
Laima Cesoniene   

Botanical Garden, Vytautas Magnus University, Lithuania
Online publication date: 2020-07-07
Publication date: 2020-07-07
Submission date: 2020-04-02
Final revision date: 2020-06-05
Acceptance date: 2020-06-16
The composition of volatile organic compounds contributes to fruit flavour and is an important element of fruit quality. Berries of sixteen cultivars and female clones of Actinidia kolomikta were studied by GC-MS with headspace solid phase microextraction method. In total, 89 compounds were separated and identified. These compounds were classified as terpenes, esters, alcohols, aldehydes, anhydrides, diazoles, hydrocarbons, and ketones. Among volatile organic compounds, esters were the most abundant. Significant differences in the diversity of volatile organic compounds were found among A. kolomikta cultivars and clones. Based on these results, we selected potential accessions for the breeding of new cultivars. Summarising the results of this study, the accessions of A. kolomikta were grouped according to the main flavour compounds.
We express our gratitude to the team of the Instrumental Analysis Open Access Centre of Vytautas Magnus University for assistance carrying out chemical analyses.
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