NUTRITIONAL HABITS AMONG HYPERTENSIVE PATIENTS WITH NORMAL GLUCOSE TOLERANCE (NGT) AND IMPAIRED GLUCOSE TOLERANCE (IGT) – A PILOT STUDY
 
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Pol. J. Food Nutr. Sci. 2006;56(Special issue 2s):87–90
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ABSTRACT
The aim of our study was to estimate the intakes of energy and macronutrients by patients with hypertension and normal (NGT) or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). Thirty six patients with medically treated essential hypertension, 18 with NGT and 18 with IGT, were included in the study. Over 80% of individuals with NGT and 70% with IGT were overweight or obese, and approximately 60% of them had waist circumferences confirming the presence of abdominal obesity. More than 70% of patients had metabolic syndrome traits in both, NGT and IGT group. Low energy intake (20 kcal/kg BW), normal protein and fat intakes (0.9-1.1 g/kg BW and 0.8-0.9 g/kg BW, respectively) and appropriate carbohydrates intake (45-48% of total energy) were observed among patients. There were no significant differences in energy and nutrients intake between NGT and IGT subjects, except for protein density and percentage of energy from protein. To prevent or delay diabetes, nutrition counseling for IGT patients, as well as monitoring of the adherence to a healthy life style, should be considered.
ISSN:1230-0322