INTAKES OF MACRONUTRIENTS AND SELECTED MICRONUTRIENTS BY PATIENTS WITH ESSENTIAL HYPERTENSION
 
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Pol. J. Food Nutr. Sci. 2006;56(Special issue 2s):83–86
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ABSTRACT
A total of 147 patients (73 men and 74 women) with a mean age of 56.9±11 years participated in the study. All hypertensive subjects were medically treated and their average BP was 131±8 mmHg systolic and 81±6 mmHg diastolic. An average BMI was 32.7±3.1 kg/m2 and 35.3±3.8 kg/m2 among men and women respectively. Only 33% of patients had BMI of <25 kg/m2. Daily energy intake did not reach 80% of recommended value in both, men and women group. An average intake of protein was 17% of total energy, and carbohydrates amount was 48-46% of total energy. Fat consumption averaged 36.9±9% of total energy in men and 34.8±9% of total energy in hypertensive women. Daily intake of SFA, amounting to 11% of total energy, was higher than recommended value. Low intakes of calcium and potassium, as well as an appropriate sodium amount were observed. Besides vitamin E, the intakes of other vitamins, especially vitamin C, were below current recommendations. To improve nutrition of hypertensive patients, comprehensive dietary changes should be advised.
ISSN:1230-0322