Fruit Low-Alcoholic Beverages with High Contents of Iridoids and Phenolics from Apple and Cornelian cherry (Cornus mas L.) Fermented with Saccharomyces bayanus
Kinga Adamenko 1  
,   Joanna Kawa-Rygielska 1  
,   Alicja Kucharska 2  
,   Narcyz Piórecki 3, 4  
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Department of Fermentation and Cereals Technology, Faculty of Food Science, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Chełmońskiego 37, 51-630 Wrocław, Poland
Department of Fruit, Vegetable and Plant Nutraceutical Technology, Faculty of Food Science, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Chełmońskiego 37, 51-630 Wrocław, Poland
Arboretum and Institute of Physiography in Bolestraszyce, 37-700 Przemyśl, Poland
Faculty of Physical Education, University of Rzeszów, Towarnickiego 3, 35-959 Rzeszów, Poland
Kinga Adamenko   

Department of Fermentation and Cereals Technology, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Chełmońskiego 37, 51-630, Wrocław, Poland
Submission date: 2019-04-18
Final revision date: 2019-07-22
Acceptance date: 2019-07-30
Online publication date: 2019-08-01
Publication date: 2019-08-22
Pol. J. Food Nutr. Sci. 2019;69(3):307–317
In this study, we produced novel, natural and fermented apple-Cornelian cherry beverages rich in natural antioxidants. These products were examined for their physicochemical parameters, and antioxidative properties as well as subjected to the quantitative and qualitative identification of iridoids and phenolics. The highest concentration of total phenolics determined with the Folin-Ciocialteu method (964.28 mg GAE/L) and the strongest antioxidative properties measured with the DPPH, ABTS•+, and FRAP tests (7.90, 11.04, and 12.86 mmol TE/L) were determined in the beverages with the addition of juice from red-fruit Cornelian cherry. The most numerous group of compounds in the analyzed beverages were iridoids, with loganic acid (LA) found to predominate (424 mg/L). Results obtained demonstrate that the addition of juice from Cornelian cherry fruits during the production of fermented apple beverages causes a significant increase in their antioxidative properties, modifies their phenolics profile, and allows enriching them with iridoids.
Publication supported by the Wroclaw Centre of Biotechnology, Leading National Research Centre programme (KNOW) for the years 2014–2018.
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